The US Department of Energy (DOE) has decided to
provide funds up to $40 million over a three-year period for new research in
data, artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning to address the
challenges associated with issues related to data production and management at
DOE scientific user facilities.
Dr. Chris Fall, Director of DOE’s Office of Science,
said: “Major scientific facilities at our DOE national laboratories are
generating vast and growing amounts of data for researchers every day.
Artificial intelligence and machine learning hold out new promise for managing
this wealth of data as well as improving facility operations and aiding in
Proposals are likely to cover a wide variety of
different challenges, including extracting information from complex data sets,
managing facility operations in real-time, and optimising experiments through
the creation of virtual laboratory environments, among other topics. The
funding opportunity focuses on 18 DOE Office of Science user facilities,
comprising of particle accelerators, accelerator test facilities, x-ray light
sources, neutron scattering sources, and nanoscale science research centres, overseen
by three major programme offices: basic energy sciences, high energy physics,
and nuclear physics.
According to the latest Ericsson Mobility Report,
data volumes in mobile networks are increasing at an exceptional rate
and mobile data traffic is expected to grow fourfold by 2025, reaching
up to 160 exabytes per month. This seems interesting and in fact offers
all sorts of opportunities for communications service providers;
however, there is a potential disadvantage of this rapidly increasing
data traffic due to the impact on energy consumption and carbon
footprint of mobile networks. But AI has the ability to solve this
problem, Ericsson notes, as when deployed, communications service
providers will be able to realise energy efficiencies on the radio
network proactively. The technology does not just address site-related
energy savings, but also operational efficiencies.